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Quick Reference

   
Command Description
   
GETTING STARTED  
login-name Identifies you to an UNIX system.
password Verifies your identity.
CTRL/S Pauses scrolling.
CTRL/Q Resumes scrolling.
yppasswd Changes your password.
man -k topic Lists commands related to the topic.
man command Displays reference information about
  the command.
logout Ends your UNIX session.
   
FILES AND DIRECTORIES  
pwd Displays the path name of your current
  directory.
mkdir dirname Creates a directory.
mv filename dirname Moves files to a different directory.
mv filename newfilename Renames file.
cd directory Moves you to a new working directory.
cat file Displays file on your screen.
cat > file Creates a new file, with input from terminal;
  end with CTRL/D.
cat filename1 filename2 >filename3 Concatenates two files and outputs into a third.
cat filename1 >>filename2 Concatenates files, appending first to second.
chmod mode filename Changes a file's protection.
cp filename1 filename Copies filename1 to filename2.
rm filename Removes filename.
rmdir dirname Removes dirname.
   
METACHARACTERS  
* Matches any combination of zero or
  more characters.
? Matches any single character.
   
COMMON COMMANDS  
alias new old Defines new as another name for
  command old.
grep pattern filename Returns lines containing pattern from
  filename.
sort filename Sorts the input in alphabetic order.
w Returns a list of users logged in.
finger Returns user finger information.

PIPES AND REDIRECTION  
command > filename Redirects command output to filename.
command >> filename Appends command output to filename.
command < filename Reads command input from filename.
command command2 Pipes output of command1 to the input
  of command2.
   
REPEATING COMMANDS  
history Lists previous commands.
!! Repeats the previous command.
!string Repeats the previous command that
  starts with string.
!number Repeats the command you identify by
  number.
^wrong^right Corrects errors in the previous
  command.
   
CONTROLLING PROCESSES  
command & Executes command as a background
  process.
ps Displays the status of current jobs.
kill pid Terminates the process with process ID
  number pid.
CTRL/Z Interrupts the current process.
fg Returns the last interrupted job to
  the foreground.
bg Continues the last interrupted job
  in the background.
jobs Shows status of background jobs.
   
MAIL - pine  
pine Starts mail from the shell.
pine -f folder Starts mail and reads the folder you
  name, instead of the mailbox folder.
   
TEXT PROCESSING  
vi filename Starts vi from the shell and edits filename.
emacs filename Starts Gnu emacs from the shell and
  edits filename.

   
MS-DOS COMMAND UNIX EQUIVALENT
chdir dirname cd dirname
copy filename1 filename2 cp filename1 filename2
del filename rm filename
dir ls
find expression filename grep expression filename
mkdir dirname mkdir dirname
more filename more filename
rename filename1 filename2 mv filename1 filename2
print filename lpr filename
rm filename rm filename
rmdir dirname rmdir dirname
type filename cat filename


next up previous contents
Next: About this document ... Previous: fvwm2 - F? Virtual
Paul A. Sihvonen-Binder
9/7/2001